button mushrooms are a favourite amongst North Americans today. When
searching on how to grow mushrooms, this is likely the first variety
to be learned. Attractive and delicious, white button mushrooms are
easy to incorporate in a wide variety of dishes, including pizzas,
pastas, curries and salads.
White Button Mushrooms is an easy and inexpensive process. Follow the
step-by-step guide below to grow your own white button mushrooms for
your next stir-fry night.
to grow them
I mentioned in my review
of mushroom growing,
mushrooms generally enjoy growing in cool and dark areas. The area in
which you are growing your White Button Mushrooms should stay between
18-24 degrees Celsius (65-75 degrees Fahrenheit) and be shielded from
disturbances and light. A basement crawlspace is therefore perfect
for growing your first batch of white button mushrooms. If you are an
apartment dweller, a dark closet is also a great option.
Button Mushroom Spawn. Spawn
is mycelium (the mushroom roots; see review
of mushroom growing for
more information) in its beginning stages. I got my first white
button mushroom spawn from eBay with
is at least 6 inches deep. A box with a large surface area is best
as it gives your mushrooms more room to grow.
garbage bag. This
garbage bag will be used to line the above box to keep things from
getting messy and helping moisture stay put.
Composted Manure. This
is the growing medium from your white button mushrooms and what
will be their food source. You need to ensure that you get 100%
manure, and nota
manure mix. Cow
best, but you can use other types of manure (e.g. sheep) if
unavailable. Most good garden stores or centres will sell cow
beginner mushroom growers make the mistake of planting their
mushrooms in full manure. However, to ensure success, you need to
mix your manure with vermiculite. While the manure provides the
mushroom nutrients, vermiculite ensure aeration and moisture
retention. You can get it at garden centres or order off Amazon
the garbage bag and line the box with your bag.
a 50/50 mix of vermiculite and manure. 50 grams of white button
mushroom spawn can inoculate 5 kg of growing medium – that is, the
maximum amount of mushroom spawn 5 kg of medium can take is 50
grams. Therefore, fill the box with the right amounts of
growing medium. This doesn’t have to exact, but add a bit more
when in doubt.
sure that the medium is not too deep – around 3 inches after
patting the whole thing down well is what you should be aiming for.
the medium with a bit of water if necessary to ensure that the
medium is damp, but not waterlogged.
the white button mushroom spawn onto the growing medium.
a 4-5 layers of newspaper and dampen with the spray button. Lay
these newspapers ontop of the scattered spawn.
the top of the box with a plastic bag with a few holes pierced into
it. This is to retain moisture.
the next 3 weeks, check your mushrooms once a day to ensure that the
newspaper is moist. After 3 weeks, you should see the white web of
mycelium spreading over top surface of the manure/vermiculite.
some more manure/vermiculite 50/50 mix. Cover with around 1 inch of
the manure/vermiculite mix. Spray with water to ensure that the
whole thing is moist. Cover with plastic once again.
once a day to ensure that your medium is still damp and spray with
water if necessary.
another 3-5 weeks, and you should see your white button mushrooms
starting to grow!
your mushrooms are large enough harvest
the mushrooms by twisting them and pulling them off. As long as you
ensure that your growth medium is moist, mushrooms should regrow in
around 1 week, for up to 12 weeks!