you interested in growing
your very own edible mushrooms at home?
Mushroom cultivation has actually been around for thousands of years
and in the United States, modern mushroom cultivation has developed
so much these past few decades that absolutely anyone who has a
passion for growing things can try it in the comfort of their home.
cultivation is not as difficult as it seems; it is a lot like
gardening only this time, you won't be planting seeds or saplings.
You will be taking care of fungal mycelium that would later sprout
tasty, edible fruiting bodies known as mushrooms.
don't be deceived - mushrooms don't just sprout from the ground after
you've thrown some mycelium. If you want maximum yield, you need to
prepare the substrate carefully and add the right amount of spawn to
spawn is really just the fungi attached to a nutrient source. Many
mushroom growers use grains like rye to propagate mycelium. When
mycelium has finally colonized a batch of grains, the fungi is robust
enough to colonize a larger tract ñ the substrate.
Nature knew that fungi can overrun whole forests if it thrived too
easily, so it made sure that fungi had very specific requirements
before it can produce fruiting bodies.
bodies release millions of spores into the air, which allows the
fungi to reproduce in other areas. Technically, the mushroom is the
reproductive organ of fungi. Without it, reproduction would be
impossible in the wild.
first thing that you would need if you are serious about cultivating
mushrooms is a batch of sturdy petri dishes. Petri dishes are used in
the first phase of mushroom cultivation (culturing/cloning mycelium).
and some culture are added to the petri dishes and the mycelium is
allowed to thrive in the agar. A nutrient source is required. Some
people use oatmeal while some like grinding dog food. Mycelium
primarily requires carbohydrates so it would be a good idea to add a
bit of sugar to your agar to boost the development of the mycelium.
viable pure culture has finally been obtained, you will then require
some rye grain, a large pressure cooker and some glass jars/canning
jars with resalable caps. The rye grain and jars have to be "cooked"
in the pressure cooker for a time to remove traces of fungi and
bacteria. After the sterilization, the prepared culture can then be
added to the rye grain.
the second spawn run, you would have exactly two batches of viable
grain spawn. Choose your substrate (e.g. wood chips) and use a rake
to spread the contents of your jars. Even distribution is the key to
successful mushroom cultivation so make sure that you add a little
more spawn per batch of substrate.
adding the substrate, add the substrate supplement. Animal manure is
an excellent choice. Just make sure that you monitor the temperature
of the substrate. If it gets too hot, there's a big chance that the
mycelium (which is just getting ready to colonize the substrate) will